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< Back Josh Linton | Sep 26 2019

Serverless API with ReactJS


Serverless API with ReactJS - a rainbow over a beach

The article, Serverless API with ReactJS, was first published on the Serverless Guru website.

Let’s build a Serverless REST API for our ReactJS website!

In my last article, Deploy ReactJS App with S3 Static Hosting, we discussed hosting a simple React app on AWS with S3. This works great for simple static pages but what if you want to do something more? How do you host your API on S3? That is what we are discussing today: how to integrate an API into our app to get or post information from our own database. We will be using Lambda, DynamoDB, and API gateway. So let’s get started.

Our app will be grabbing cards from our database and showing them to the user. How this works is when a user requests a card from our website, API Gateway, will invoke our Lambda function, that will get the details from our DynamoDB and show the details to the user! Simple enough.

Create an Amazon DynamoDB Table

Log into the AWS Console and use the search bar to navigate to the “DynamoDB” service.

Create a table

Click “Create table”.

Name it “MagicCards”. Enter “CardId” for the Partition key and select “String”.

Name it “MagicCards”. Enter “CardId” for the Partition key and select “String”.

Now we should have something that looks like this.

Let’s go to the items tab and select and create an item. Add a value to the CardId. You can even add other fields.

Create an IAM Role

All Lambda functions need an IAM role. It is what allows other AWS services to interact with our function. Search for IAM in the Services menu.

Create a new IAM role

Find Roles on the left-hand side and click “Create a new IAM role”

Select Lambda as the main service

Under “Choose the service that will use this role” select Lambda and click “Next: Permissions”.

Set AWS IAM role

Search for “AWSLambdaBasicExecutionRole”, select it, and click “Next: Tags”. Skip any other steps and click “Next: Review”.

Name your role

Name the role whatever you like, I choose “MagicCardsLambda”. Then click “Create Role”.

Add inline policy

Click into your new role. On the right side of the permissions tab click, “Add inline policy”.

Choose the DynamoDB service

Here we select the service and what actions we want to allow this role to do. So if we select DynamoDB for the service and scan for the Actions it will allow our future Lambda function to be able to scan our database and return all the items inside of it. We could give our role all the actions but that isn’t the best practice.

Under the resources section, select Add ARN. This is where we use the Amazon Resource Name from earlier. Once that is selected click Add and then Review Policy.

Name the policy

Enter a name such as “DynamoDBWrite” and hit “Create policy”

Create a Lambda Function

Use the Services menu to search for the Lambda service.

Create a function

Here we can Author one from scratch, Use a blueprint, or Browse serverless app repository. Let’s choose “Select author one from scratch”. Enter “GetMagicCard” or whatever name you want. Use the latest Runtime currently, it is Node.js 8.10. For Execution role, select Use an existing role. This is where our IAM role comes up, go ahead and select that.

This function already existed before I took this picture.

Create the function

Click Create Function and scroll down to “Function code”, this is where we place the code for our lambda function.

Copy the following code

Use the code below for some sample code then click “Save”.

Create a REST API

Now we are on the final part, creating a REST API with API Gateway. Under Services once again navigate to “API Gateway”.

Select NEW API

Amazon API Gateway is an AWS service for creating, publishing, maintaining, monitoring, and securing REST and WebSocket APIs at any scale. API developers can create APIs that access AWS or other web services as well as data stored in the AWS Cloud.

Name your API

I called my API, “Magic Cards”. Leave the “Endpoint Type” as “Regional”. Then hit “Create API”! 🎉

Name your API

I called my API, “Magic Cards”. Leave the “Endpoint Type” as “Regional”. Then hit “Create API”! 🎉

Create a Method

Let’s create a method. We can access our API and it will fire our new Lambda function. Click action > Create Method. Under the new drop-down select Get. Here we can select Lambda Function for our Integration type, us-west-1 for Lambda region, For Lambda Function select the name you chose for your function and hit save!

Create our URL. We are almost done with our API!

Now that we have our Get setup go ahead and select Stages on the left side. Here we can create a stage where our APIs are deployed. You can create a test version and a production version. Create a test name and description. Select your deployment and Create.

Grab our URL. We are done!

Click our stage and URL is Right there. All we need to do from here is just call this URL in our ReactJS app and we are set up. To test it first thought I’d suggest clicking the link and making sure you get a valid response.

Connecting API to ReactJS App

Now what we are going to do is take our Invoke URL and add that to our React App.

Copy the following code

This is a pretty basic example from the React website on how to add a fetch API to your React App. We hitting our API and setting the response to our state. Then below in our render function, we are rendering out the results.

Test locally

To test we can run npm run start and we should see our website pop up with data coming from our DynamoDB table 🔥

Congrats 🎉

We did a lot here to move our App into AWS. We created a DynamoDB table and entered some items. Then we created a Lambda function that when triggered will scan our table and return the results. Lastly, we created an API endpoint with API Gateway that invoked our Lambda function and showed our results on the front end. These are some great building blocks that you can branch out of and do a lot more with. I encourage you to see what else you can build and share your results here by commenting on the article. Also, be on the lookout for this to be a video. Thanks for reading!

Serverless Guru helps companies build scalable and cost-effective applications on the cloud. We help train companies on how to leverage IAC, serverless, and cloud-native services. We help migrate existing applications to the cloud and optimize existing applications on the cloud to be more cost-effective. We are also a Serverless development partner and an AWS Consulting partner.

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